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[文献] 曼达洛人的奥秘:曼达洛派系

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发表于 2015-1-13 20:07 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本文登载于官网博客,原文
作者:Tom Hutchens(曼达洛变装俱乐部创始人)
翻译:Skyaaqq
校对:墨雪飘·痕(化身·天行者)
尤其感谢@莱菔 @darthwesker 等论坛同仁的支持与帮助。

正文:

Mandalorians are more than just a rag-tag group of warriors and mercenaries, and The Clone Wars series opened the door to an even deeper history of this complex society.  Let’s take a look at the Mandalorian factions that have been presented in both Legends and canon stories.
曼达洛人并不只是一群由战士和雇佣兵们组成的散兵游勇。《克隆人战争》系列开启了一道大门,使得我们能够更深入地研究他们那复杂的社会形态。我们来盘点一下出现在传说和正史故事中的曼达洛人派系吧。


The “Mandalorian Excision” of 738bby decimated Mandalore, and shattered the warrior culture.
发生在雅文战役前738年的“曼达洛人大滅絕”摧毁了曼达洛,并使得战士文化四分五裂。


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 楼主| 发表于 2015-1-13 20:15 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 Skyaaqq 于 2015-1-13 20:46 编辑

Origin of the factions.
派系的起源


The origin of the Mandalorian factions can be traced back to the Jedi-led “Mandalorian Excision” (known by Mandalorians as the “Dral’Han”, or the Annihilation) of 738bby.  The Mandalorians’ military and technological prowess had been on a sharp rise since Mandalore the Uniter had brought the society back from the brink of collapse in 1051bby.  Following the Ruusaan Reformations in 1000bby, the Republic began to draw itself back together and re-institutionalized the Outer Rim Territories and once again opening up conflict with Mandalorian space.  At the start, the Mandalorians were welcomed as a much needed source of stability.  Taxing commerce along the Hydian Way and forcing both economic and defensive pacts on bordering sectors proved the Mandalorians were a threat to the Republic.  A task force of Jedi-led judicial and sector patrol forces bombarded key planets in Mandalorian space including the capitol of Mandalore, turning parts of these planets into white-sand deserts.
曼达洛人派系的起源可以追溯到发生于雅文战役前738年,那场由绝地主导的“曼达洛人大滅絕”(曼达洛人称之为“Dral’Han”,或是歼灭战)。雅文战役前1050年,统一者曼达洛将曼达洛社会从崩溃边缘挽救了回来,自此之后,曼达洛人的军力和科研实力大幅上升。在于雅文战役前1000年进行鲁桑改革后,共和国开始重新团结在一起并将外环星域再次制度化,由此便和曼达洛空间再启战端。一开始,曼达洛人被视为是维持稳定所需的重要力量,他们因此而受到欢迎。但由于在海迪亚航路征收商业税,还强迫边境星区接受共同经济及防御条约,他们被证明是对共和国的威胁。在绝地的指挥下,一支由司法部队和星区巡逻部队组成的特遣部队轰炸了曼达洛空间的主要星球,其中也包括曼达洛首都星,这些星球的部分地表被炸成了白色沙漠。


Areas of Mandalore were turned to white-sand desert by Republic bombardment in 728bby.
在雅汶战役前728年,共和国的轰炸使得曼达洛的部分区域被炸为白色沙漠。


After the Mandalorian Excision, a new Mandalorian government was formed from Mandalorians who had advocated for peace before the war.  Labeled the “New Mandalorians”, this pacifist-led government would fundamentally change Mandalorian society for centuries.   Most of the remaining warriors were exiled to the moon of Concordia or settled in different parts of the galaxy, continuing their warrior and clan traditions.
在曼达洛人大滅絕后,一群在战前提倡和平的曼达洛人组建了新政府。 他们被称为“新曼达洛人”,而由这些和平主义者领导的政府将会在数个世纪内根本性地改变曼达洛人社会。大多数幸存的战士被流放至孔科尔迪亚卫星上,或是被安置在银河系的其他地方,但他们仍旧将他们的战士及氏族传统流传了下去。




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 楼主| 发表于 2015-1-13 20:18 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 Skyaaqq 于 2015-1-13 21:08 编辑


The symbol of the True Mandalorian faction, loyal to the “True Mandalore” and an honorable warrior society.
正统曼达洛人派系的符号,他们忠于“正统曼达洛”及光荣的战士社会。


True Mandalorians
正统曼达洛人


After the Mandalorian Excision, the exiled warrior clans began calling themselves “The Faithful” as a description for following the true warrior traditions.  In opposition they labeled the New Mandalorian followers “The Faithless”, to describe that faction’s shunning of the warrior traditions.  As the centuries progressed an underlying movement began within “The Faithful” that exploded into open conflict when Jaster Mereel became the “True Mandalore” around 60bby.  True Mandalorians rose to power within the warrior clans, believing that Mandalorians should adhere to a code of honor and do battle as honorable mercenaries.  This code of honor became known as the “SuperCommando Codex”, and was put in place by Mereel to define and guide the actions of Mandalorian warriors.  Mereel realized that to protect the ancient Mandalorian traditions, attempting to conquer the galaxy was not realistic or healthy for the future of his people.
在曼达洛人大滅絕后,被流放的战士氏族开始自称为“忠诚者”,以示对正统的战士传统的遵循。相反的,他们称呼新曼达洛人为“不忠者”,以此来表现这个派系对战士传统的回避。数个世纪过后,雅文战役前60年左右,贾斯特•梅里尔成为“正统曼达洛”,一场酝酿于“忠诚者”派系内部的运动迅速演变为冲突。正统曼达洛人开始在战士氏族内部夺权掌权,他们认为曼达洛人应该遵循着一种荣誉准则,像充满荣誉感的雇佣兵般战斗。这种荣誉准则演化成了所谓的“超级突击队法典”,而莫里尔将此加以落实到位,并以此来定义和引导曼达洛战士们的行为。莫里尔意识到,要保护好古代的曼达洛传统,征服银河系的企图对他人民的未来而言并不现实,也无益处。

This did not sit well with a portion of The Faithful, and several clans banded together under the leadership of Tor Vizsla to oppose Mereel and his SuperCommando Codex.  The ideals and actions of Tor Vizsla would ignite the bloodiest known splintering of the Mandalorian culture, known as the “Mandalorian Civil War”.  All three factions would be involved in the civil war, and Death Watch would gain a major victory with the decimation of the True Mandalorians by a Jedi-led task force  at the battle of Galidraan in 44bby.
这种法典并不合部分忠诚者的胃口,而数个氏族则在托尔•维兹拉的领导下联合在一起反抗莫里尔和他的超级突击队法典。托尔•维兹拉的思想和所作所为导致了曼达洛文化中已知最为血腥的一次分裂,史称“曼达洛人内战”。所有的三个派系都卷入了这场内战。在雅汶战役前44年的加利德朗之战中,正统曼达洛人被由绝地领导的特遣部队大量消灭,而死神卫则籍此获得了重大胜利。

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 楼主| 发表于 2015-1-13 20:22 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 Skyaaqq 于 2015-1-13 21:09 编辑


The symbol of Clan Vizsla and Death Watch, those loyal to ancient traditions of Mandalorian conquest.
维兹拉氏族和死神卫的标志,他们忠于古代曼达洛人的征服传统。


Death Watch
死神卫


Opposed to Jaster Mereel’s “SuperCommando Codex”, Tor Vizsla took up the mantle of “Secret Mandalore” to lead Death Watch in his quest to destroy both the True and New Mandalorians.  The goal of Death Watch was to return Mandalore to its Old Republic warrior roots of galactic conquest.  While the True Mandalorians did not recognize the New Mandalorian government, Death Watch was the only faction violently opposed to both True Mandalorian and New Mandalorian factions.
为了反对贾斯特•梅里尔的“超级突击队法典”,托尔•维兹拉拾起了“秘密曼达洛“的衣钵,以此来领导死神卫把正统曼达洛人和新曼达洛人一并摧毁。死神卫的目标是让曼达洛回归旧共和国时期的战士传统,对银河系进行征服。尽管正统曼达洛人不承认新曼达洛人政府的合法性,死神卫却是唯一一个同时暴力对抗正统曼达洛人和新曼达洛人的派系。

Death Watch would decimate the True Mandalorian faction (with the aid of Jedi) in 44bby, however the bulk of its core leadership and warriors would be eliminated at the hands of Jango Fett in 42bby.  After the defeat of Death Watch and its leader Tor Vizsla, the remaining members went underground.  During this time, another member of Clan Vizsla would rise to claim leadership; his name was Pre Vizsla.  With Pre at the helm, Death Watch went back to its roots of remaining in the shadows and slowing building up influence among the New Mandalorian population.  Pre himself had risen to the role of Governor over the Mandalorian moon Concordia.  It was there that he would create secret mining and industrial facilities to rearm Death Watch for its day against the New Mandalorians and their leader Dutchess Satine.
死神卫在雅汶战役前44年消灭了大批正统曼达洛人(在绝地的协助之下),然而在雅汶战役前42年,这一集团的核心领导层和战士被詹戈•费特所消灭。在死神卫及其领袖托尔•维兹拉被击败后,剩下的成员转入地下。在这段时间里,另一位维茨拉氏族的成员站起来要求获得领导权:他的名字叫超凡维兹拉。超凡维茨拉掌权之后,死神卫追根朔本,潜伏于阴影之中,在新曼达洛人民中逐渐构建起影响力。超凡维兹拉本人则升至曼达洛卫星孔科尔迪亚的总督。在那里,他建立了秘密采矿和工业设施,并以此重新武装死神卫来对抗新曼达洛人和他们的首领莎庭莎廷女公爵。

Pre Vizsla would see his dream of a “liberated Mandalore” realized for a very short time however, and would ultimately fall to Darth Maul.  This created a schism with Death Watch: Those loyal to Darth Maul’s leadership, and those loyal to the traditional thinking of no outsiders ruling Mandalore.
超凡维兹拉看到了他的“解放曼达洛”的梦想成为现实,然而这只持续了很短一段时间,他最终死于达斯•摩尔之手。这造成了死神卫的分裂:一派忠于于达斯•摩尔的领导,另一派则坚信外来者不能统治曼达洛的传统不可改变。

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 楼主| 发表于 2015-1-13 20:32 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 Skyaaqq 于 2015-1-13 21:09 编辑


The New Mandalorians stood for pacifism and neutrality under the leadership of Dutchess Satine.
在莎廷女公爵的领导下,新曼达洛人代表着和平主义及中立。


New Mandalorians
新曼达洛人


The origins of the New Mandalorian movement can be traced back as far as 1000bby, and the rise of Mandalorian civilization’s strength as a galactic power.  While only a small minority at that time, several influential clan leaders saw this rise to power as a prelude to destruction, and urged for a peaceful union with the Republic.  Such a union would have made the Mandalorians one of the most influential members of the Republic.  The more traditional stance of pro-independence leaders won out, securing the civilization’s downfall.
新曼达洛人的起源可以上溯到远至雅汶战役前1000年,曼达洛文明的力量开始崛起为为一种遍及银河的力量之时。有些有影响力的氏族领袖将他们的崛起视为毁灭的前奏,极力主张与共和国和平统一,这样可以使曼达洛人成为共和国中最有影响力的成员之一。然而当时持这种观点的人只占极少数,最终更传统的支持独立的领袖胜出,并为此后曼达洛人文明的衰微埋下了祸根。

After the events of 738bby, the Republic turned to these pro-peace Clans to form a new Mandalorian government.  These Mandalorians had no love for the Republic, especially after the recent ravaging of the Mandalore sector, but they also knew they had nothing to gain by further opposition to the Republic.  Forsaking almost every warrior tradition Mandalorians had followed for generations, the New Mandalorians focused primarily on their advanced technology and becoming part of the Republic.  Taking to white-sand deserts left in wake of the Repubic bombardment of 738bby, the New Mandalorians built bio-dome cities of geometrical structures.
在雅汶战役前738年的事件之后,共和国扶植了那些赞同和平的氏族,建立了一个新的曼达洛人政府。这些曼达洛人对共和国没有好感,特别是在近期曼达洛星区遭到大肆掠夺之后,但他们同时也知道对抗共和国不会得到更多好处。抛弃了曼达洛人世代遵循的几乎所有战士传统后,新曼达洛人把主要精力集中在研发科技上,并成为了共和国的一部分。占据了在雅文战役前738年的共和国轰炸中留下的白色沙漠后,新曼达洛人建造了笼罩在生态穹顶之下的几何结构城市。

Led by Dutchess Satine Kryze, the New Mandalorians rose to prominence within the Council of Neutral Systems who chose to not take sides during the Clone Wars.  This left Mandalore open to the depredations of Death Watch, who regularly used terrorist activity to undermine Satine’s government.  Death Watch would ultimately gain the upper hand with the help of Darth Maul’s “Shadow Collective”, killing Dutchess Satine and destroying the New Mandalorian government.
在莎廷•克里兹的领导下,新曼达洛人在中立星系委员会中表现惹眼,该委员会致力于在克隆人战争时期不选边站。这给了死神卫破坏曼达洛的可乘之机,他们定期经常使用恐怖主义手段破坏莎廷的政府。在达斯•摩尔的“暗影集团”的帮助下,死神卫最终占了上风,他们杀死了莎廷女公爵并摧毁了新曼达洛人政府。

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 楼主| 发表于 2015-1-13 20:41 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 Skyaaqq 于 2015-1-13 20:48 编辑

Personal thoughts
个人的想法


With Mandalorian Clans spread throughout the galaxy, one can assume that not every Mandalorian was part of the internal conflicts within the civilization.  Source material from Legends can be somewhat contradictory in the terms of how much of the Mandalorian sector, and Mandalorians themselves were embroiled in these conflicts.
随着在曼达洛人氏族遍布银河系的情况下,有一点可以假定,那就是并不是每个曼达洛人都对该文明的内部冲突有所参与。来自于传说的原材料在一些地方会有一些自相矛盾之处,比如说多大一部分曼达洛星区被卷入了这些冲突,又有多少曼达洛人身陷其中。

It’s safe to say that most Mandalorian fans were not happy about the introduction of the “New Mandalorian” pacifists.  Many emails and messages were sent my way asking how I felt about it, and I reserved my opinion to see how things played out for Mandalorians in TCW.  While the New Mandalorians were a big departure from how fans had come to learn about Mandalorians, it did add a new and fresh dynamic to the story of Mandalorian culture.  If anything, in my opinion it only enriched the story.
可以肯定的说,大多数曼达洛人粉丝对“新曼达洛人”和平主义者的引入并不高兴。人们发送了许多电子邮件和信息给我,问我对此感受如何,而我对在TCW里曼达洛人故事的发展保留意见。尽管新曼达洛人跟粉丝们所了解到的曼达洛人出现了巨大的偏差,但这确实给曼达洛人文明的故事注入了新鲜血液。非要让我评价的话,我认为它仅仅丰富了故事而已。


Legends material describes Mandalorian Protectors as being recruited from Mandalorian Police units.
传说资料所描述的曼达洛保护者是从曼达洛警察组织中招募的。


Looking back at older Legends material, I’ve always wondered about certain stories; For instance, the 200 Mandalorian Protectors were said to have been recruited from police units…but we had never seen Mandalorian Police prior to TCW.  Those fans who may become interested in Mandalorian Protectors now have a good idea who those police units were.  That’s just a small part of the over-all Mandalorian story, but TCW helped answer old questions and raised new ones.  When thinking about all facets of Mandalorian history in Legends and Canon material, it very much mimics the rise and fall of civilizations in our own history.
回顾更老的传说资料时,我总是会想着这几个故事:比如,据说200个曼达洛保护者是从曼达洛人警察组织中招募的……但是我们从来都没在TCW出现前看到过曼达洛警察组织。那些可能会对曼达洛保护者们感兴趣的粉丝们现在对这些警察组织究竟为何人有了更好的想法。这只是全部曼达洛历史中的一小部分,但TCW既有助于解决老问题,又提出了一些新问题。当考虑到传说及正史原材料中的曼达洛历史的每一面时,这就犹如在模拟我们自身历史中文明的兴衰。

Sources (Legends):
来源(传说):

“The History of the Mandalorians”—Star Wars Insider 80
The New Essential Chronology
The Essential Atlas
The Bounty Hunter Code: From the Files of Boba Fett
Jango Fett: Open Seasons 1-4(《詹戈•费特:狩猎季节》)
Order 66: A Republic Commando Novel(《66号令:共和国突击队小说》)
Imperial Commando: 501st(《帝国突击队:501军团》)

Sources (Canon):
来源(正史):

Star Wars: The Clone Wars – “The Mandalore Plot”(第2季第12集:曼达洛阴谋)
Star Wars: The Clone Wars – “Eminence”( 第5季第14集:巨头)
Star Wars: The Clone Wars – “Shades of Reason”( 第5季第15集:道不相谋)
Star Wars: The Clone Wars – “The Lawless”( 第5季第16集:无法无天)

(全文完)

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发表于 2015-1-13 20:49 | 显示全部楼层
完毕,自顶之。

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发表于 2015-1-13 20:53 | 显示全部楼层
前排支持顺带膜拜SQ大大,墨雪大大,莱菔大大,DW大大

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绝地伊克隆人汉化组曼达洛人

发表于 2015-1-14 10:38 | 显示全部楼层
ALL HAIL LORD AGM114R!
愿原力与你同行!
May the Force go with you!

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西斯黑帮

发表于 2015-1-14 11:35 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 darthwesker 于 2015-1-14 11:41 编辑
在雅汶战役前44年的加利德朗之战中,正统曼达洛人被由绝地领导的特遣部队大量消灭,而死神卫则籍此获得了重大胜利。

绝地剿灭曼达洛超级突击队一役中是由时任绝地大师的杜库伯爵亲自带队,这支特遣队在屠杀曼达洛超级突击队时分毫未伤,然而面对装备尽失徒手作战的詹戈费特被击杀了十数人
死神卫在雅汶战役前44年消灭了大批正统曼达洛人(在绝地的协助之下),然而在雅汶战役前42年,这一集团的核心领导层和战士被詹戈•费特所消灭。

死神卫曾一度占据优势,但被詹戈带领的正统曼达洛打的丢盔卸甲,于是暗中勾结地方政府指使绝地来清理正统曼达洛
即使光辉普照,混沌崛起。黑暗之心永恒不变,西斯之道贯彻一生。

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发表于 2015-1-23 18:28 | 显示全部楼层
ALL HAIL AGM!
你们这群渣渣,吃我大重组机啦~

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遇战疯人克隆人汉化组

发表于 2015-1-29 16:01 | 显示全部楼层
本文译名不统一,我略作校对,现已加入网站:http://www.starwarschina.com/portal.php?mod=view&aid=306

另外,本文原作者的这段话:
可以肯定的说,大多数曼达洛人粉丝对“新曼达洛人”和平主义者的引入并不高兴。人们发送了许多电子邮件和信息给我,问我对此感受如何,而我对在TCW里曼达洛人故事的发展保留意见。尽管新曼达洛人跟粉丝们所了解到的曼达洛人出现了巨大的偏差,但这确实给曼达洛人文明的故事注入了新鲜血液。非要让我评价的话,我认为它仅仅丰富了故事而已。

居然就这么堂而皇之地发在星战官网……这么做真的好吗?
消灭西斯,自由属于人民!
Death  to  Sith,  Freedom  to  People!

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